Suzuki Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu. Suzuki manufactures cars, 4WD, motorcycles, ATVs, outboard marine engines, wheelchairs, and many other small combustion engines.
In 2016, Suzuki was the eleventh largest car manufacturer in the world. Suzuki employs over 45,000 people and has 35 production plants in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries. World car sales are the tenth largest in the world, while the domestic sales volume is the third largest in the country.
In 1909, Michio Suzuki (1887–1982) founded Suzuki Loom Works in the small coastal village of Hamamatsu, Japan. Suzuki built looms for the Japanese giant silk industry.
In 1929, Michio invented a new type of weaving machine that was exported abroad. The first 30 years of the company's activity focused on the development and production of these machines. Despite the success of his looms, Suzuki felt that his company would benefit from diversification and began to look at other products.
In 1937, Suzuki completed several compact car prototypes. These first Suzuki motor vehicles were powered by an innovative, then liquid-cooled, four-cylinder, four-cylinder engine.
After World War II, the Japanese badly needed affordable, reliable personal transport. Many companies began offering clip-on gas engines that could be attached to a typical bicycle. Suzuki's first two-wheeled vehicle was a bicycle equipped with an engine called "Power Free". Designed to be affordable and simple to build and maintain, the 1952 Power Free had a 36cc, one horsepower mechanical two-stroke engine.
The new dual-gear system allowed the rider to either pedal with motor assistance, pedal without motor assistance, or simply disconnect the pedals and work on pure motor power. The patent office of the new Japanese government has awarded Suzuki a financial grant for further research in motorcycle engineering.
By 1954, Suzuki was producing 6,000 motorcycles a month, and its company officially changed its name to Suzuki Motor Co., Ltd. From 1955 to 1976, the company produced motorcycles exclusively with two-stroke engines, the largest of which was the water-cooled G2F5 three-cylinder.
Suzuki's success in the two-stroke competition was greatly influenced by East German Grand Prix participant Ernst Degner, who fled to the West in 1961, bringing with him experience in the field of two-stroke engines from the East German manufacturer MZ. The secrets Degner brought with him were the work of Walter Kaaden, who brought together three key technologies for the first time: a boost port, an expansion chamber and a rotary valve.
In 1976, Suzuki introduced its first motorcycles since the 1950s Colled COX with the GS400 and GS750 four-stroke engines.
In 1994, Suzuki partnered with Nanjing Jincheng Machinery to create a Chinese motorcycle manufacturer and exporter named Jincheng Suzuki.
In 2009-2015, Volkswagen held a 19.9% non-controlling interest in Suzuki. An international arbitration tribunal ordered Volkswagen to sell back Suzuki's stake. Suzuki paid $ 3.8 billion to finalize its share buyback in September 2015.